Mount Taranaki - Egmont
North Island, New Zealand39.30 S, 174.07 E
summit elevation 2518 m
Mt Taranaki is an isolated cone in SW of the North Island of New Zealand. The volcano has a history of avalanches and lahars, produced from explosive eruptions.
Taranaki is the second tallest mountain on the North Island.
In December 2017 Mt Taranaki, was given "legal personality" status, making it eligible to enjoy same legal rights as a person.The guardianship of the mountain will be shared between eight local Māori tribes and the government.
The Burrell Lapilli eruption of Mt Taranaki in 1655 produced a small lava dome effusion followed by an explosive sub-plinian phase that covered over 200 sq km of New Zealand's central North Island in tephra. Transition from effusive to explosive eruptions at andesitic volcanoes is determined by factors such as dyke propagation and sealing, degree of fractionation of magma, and magma ascent rate and magma volume.
Taranaki is geologically young, having commenced activity approximately 135,000 years ago. The most recent volcanic activity was the production of a lava dome in the crater and its collapse down the side of the mountain in the 1850s or 1860s. Before that, a moderate ash eruption occurred about 1755, of the size of Ruapehu's activity in 1995/1996, and the last major eruption occurred around 1655. Recent research has shown that over the last 9000 years minor eruptions have occurred roughly every 90 years on average, with major eruptions every 500 years.
1850 - 1860's, 1755, 1655, 1500, 1480, 1400, 550?, 520, 40 BC, 1160 BC, 1250 BC, 1330 BC, 1350 BC, 2310 BC, 2450 BC, 2650 BC, 2750 BC, 3050 BC, 5020 BC, 6050 BC.
Taranaki Mounga / Maunga - In the dialect of Taranaki iwi, mountain is more often pronounced Mounga, rather than Maunga. The earliest accounts associated with Taranaki iwi ancestors precede the coming of Taranaki to the western seaboard. They were known as the Kāhui Ao, Kāhui Rangi, Kāhui Pō and Kāhui Atua, collectively called Te Kāhui Maunga. They occupied Mimi Maunganui (the mountain preceding Taranaki), Ruatupua (Pouakai), and Ruatawhito (Kaitake) ranges. Their principle village was Karakatonga, situated high up in the heart of the Waiwhakaiho river valley. When the new mountain surfaced the people temporarily evacuated the site with many also perishing.
Taranaki is linked by legend to the mountains of the central North Island and his journey from the central plateau has been recounted by iwi for centuries. The journey of Taranaki from the central plateau has been recounted for centuries. It is an account that describes cataclysmic volcanic activity.
Taranaki Mounga was formerly known as Pukeonaki and stood near Tūrangi, with Ruapehu, Tongariro, and Pihanga. Pukeonaki and Tongariro both loved Pihanga and fought over her. But Tongariro was stronger and Pukeonaki (Taranaki), bearing the scars of battle, withdrew underground, carving out the bed of the Whanganui River on his journey to the sea. When he surfaced he saw the beautiful Pouākai range standing inland and he was drawn towards her. Pouākai and Taranaki's offspring became the trees, plants, birds, rocks and rivers flowing from their slopes. There are also stories of the Mounga holding a female lineage - being he/she.
From this story arises the Taranaki saying:-
Tū kē Tongariro
Motu kē a Taranaki
He riri kia Pihanga
Waiho i muri nei
Te Uri ko au ee!
The Taranaki Vista project is run by The Rhyton Project.
Fiona Clark is The Artist.
The project advances landscape art by incorporating the dimension of time. This is the first step toward live art in peoples' homes, made possible now as new technology is adopted.
This project is supported and funded by iTaranaki and Creative New Zealand.
The camera is IQeye 755. This can make a 5 Megapixel image. The camera is capable of sending more data than the bandwidth currently available can handle. Choose a size of picture and a frame rate that suits your connection.
Fiona has a range of cameras that she uses.